Combine st.cache_data with st.session_state

i want to cache a function, but without passing the args everytime. Instead, getting them from session_state. There’s any native way to do this?

current behavior

def get_organization(user):
    return "organization from the user"

# write this 2 lines, every time in the app
user = st.session_state['user']
organization = get_organization(user)

desired behavior

def get_organization(user):
    return "organization from the user"

# the user is inherited from session_state automatically
organization = get_organization()

something like below will do. But i’m wondering if there’s already something native.

def cache_data_kwargs(state_keys: list, **cache_options):
    def decorator(function):
        cached_function = st.cache_data(**cache_options)(function)

        def wrapped_function(**function_args):
            state_values = {key: st.session_state[key] for key in state_keys}
            return cached_function(**state_values)

        return wrapped_function

    return decorator

def get_organization(user):
    return "organization from the user"

organization = get_organization()

Session state is a cache of sorts (session specific), so not sure what your intention is trying to “add caching to a cache”. I think you should revisit this requirement in your design and ask yourself why, and if the implementation is appropriate. Session state is intended to be mutated in different contexts throughout your application, whereas data cached functions are intended to encapsulate state that isn’t. Tying the two concepts together is a code smell in my opinion.

Given an app in a server, can be access by multiple users.

Cache_data is unified across all users. While session_state is particular to a session (different state in different tabs)

What i want to do is caché certain functions, but not overall, but by user instead.
Following example above, i don’t want to compute “get_organization” every single time (imagine needs to access a slow DDBB, and is called several times in the app).
Neither i want to return same organization for all users (that’s a data leak)

So, to get this, what i need to do is


And my request, is to see if there’s a less verbose way to do it (in a single line, instead of multi-lines every time)

Here, i see (maybe) the problem “explicit is better than implicit”. But not the code smell, maybe i’m missing something?

Why doesn’t the simple current behavior work then? Just wrap the two lines in an auxiliary function call.

def get_organization():
  # 24 hour lifetime
  def _get_organization(user):
      return "organization from the user"
  user = st.session_state['user']
  organization = _get_organization(user)
  return organization

organization = get_organization()
1 Like

It does work.

My question is if there’s a native decorator (like cache_data_kwargs above)
to do this (or it’s planned).
So you don’t need to write a func for each _func

Perhaps this will work because the func params is already a kwargs dict:

def get_organization(email: str = st.session_state["user"]):
    assert email, "user email must be in session state"
    return "organization from the user"

organization = get_organization()

doesn’t seem so.


import streamlit as st

st.session_state["x"] = 'a'

def ff(x: str = st.session_state['x']):
    return x

st.session_state["x"] = 'b'



instead of (a,b)

I tried with hash_funcs param on cache_data and that didn’t work, so apparently it’s not possible to have a param(s) in a cached function and then expect to be able to call it without any. The cache_data decorator has no new information to decide that its cache should be busted.

from functools import cache

def ff(x:str=st.session_state['x']):
     return x is None

How about this ?

P.S: not sure whether this would work for multiple users as streamlit is leveraging multiple threads